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5.4 List of Offences

This chronological list of offences, which can be used to identify those who present a risk, or potential risk, to children, is reproduced from Home Office Guidance (‘Guidance on offences against Children’, Home Office Circular 16/2005).

Offence Section Act
Murder Common Law  
Manslaughter Common Law  
Infanticide Common Law  
Kidnapping Common Law  
False Imprisonment Common Law  
Assault or battery Common Law  
Indecent exposure Section 4 Vagrancy Act 1824
Indecent exposure Section 28 Town Police Clauses Act 1847
Conspiring or soliciting to commit murder Section 4 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Administering poison, or wounding, with intent to murder Section 11 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Threats to kill Section 16 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Wounding and causing grievous bodily harm: Wounding with intent Section 18 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Wounding and causing grievous bodily harm: Inflicting bodily injury Section 20 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Maliciously administering poison Section 23 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Abandonment of children under two Section 27 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Assault occasioning actual bodily harm Section 47 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Child stealing Section 56 Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Drunk in charge of a child under 7 years Section 2 Licensing Act 1902
Cruelty to children Section 1 Children and Young Person Act 1933
Allowing persons under 16 to be in brothels Section 3 Children and Young Person Act 1933
Causing or allowing persons under 16 to be used for begging Section 4 Children and Young Person Act 1933
Give / cause to be given intoxicating liquor to a child under 5 years Section 5 Children and Young Person Act 1933
Exposing children under seven to risk of burning Section 11 Children and Young Person Act 1933
Prohibition against persons under 16 taking part in performances endangering life and limb Section 23 Children and Young Person Act 1933
Infanticide Section 1 Infanticide Act 1983
Rape Section 1 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Procurement of a woman by threats Section 2 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Procurement of a woman by false pretences Section 3 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Administering drugs to obtain or facilitate intercourse Section 4 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Intercourse with a girl under 13 Section 5 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Intercourse with a girl under 16 Section 6 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Intercourse with defective Section 7 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Procurement of defective Section 9 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Incest by a man Section 10 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Incest by a woman Section 11 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Buggery where the victim is under 16* Section 12 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Indecency between men (gross indecency) Section 13 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Indecent assault on a woman Section 14 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Indecent assault on a man Section 15 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Assault with intent to commit buggery Section 16 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Abduction of a woman by force or for the sake of her property Section 17 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Abduction of unmarried girl under 18 from parent or guardian Section 19 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Abduction of unmarried girl under 16 from parent or guardian Section 20  
Abduction of defective from parent or guardian Section 21 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Causing prostitution of women Section 22 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Procuration of girl under 21 Section 23 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Detention of a woman in a brothel or other premises Section 24 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Permitting a girl under 13 to use premises for intercourse Section 25 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Permitting a girl between 13 and 16 to use premises for intercourse Section 26 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Permitting defective to use premises for intercourse Section 27 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Causing or encouraging prostitution of, or intercourse with, or indecent assault on, girl under 16 Section 28 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Causing or encouraging prostitution of a defective Section 29 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Man living on earnings of prostitution Section 30 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Women exercising control over prostitute Section 31 Sexual Offences Act 1956
Sexual intercourse with patients Section 128 Mental Health Act 1959
Indecent conduct towards young child Section 1 Indecency with Children Act 1960
Aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the suicide of a child or young person Section 2 Suicide Act 1961
Procuring others to commit homosexual acts (by procuring a child to commit an act of buggery with any person, or procuring any person to commit an act of buggery with a child) Section 4 Sexual Offences Act 1967
Living on the earnings of male prostitution Section 5 Sexual Offences Act 1967
Burglary (by entering a building or part of a building with intent to rape a child) Section 9 Theft Act 1968
Supplying or offering to supply a Class A drug to a child, being concerned in the supplying of such a drug to a child, or being concerned in the making to a child of an offer to supply such a drug. Section 4 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
Inciting girl under 16 to have incestuous sexual intercourse Section 54 Criminal Law Act 1977
Indecent photographs of children Section 1 Protection of Children Act 1978
Offence of abduction of a child by parent Section 1  Child Abduction Act 1984
Offence of abduction of child by other persons Section 2 Child Abduction Act 1984
Possession of indecent photographs of children Section 160 Criminal Justice Act 1988
Abduction of Child in Care/ Police Protection... take away/induce away/assist to run away/ keep away Section 49 Children Act 1989
Recovery of missing or unlawfully held children Section 50 Children Act 1989
Abuse of Trust Section 3 Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000
Traffic in prostitution Section 145 Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002
Rape Section 1 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Assault by penetration Section 2 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Sexual assault Section 3 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing a person to engage in sexual activity without consent Section 4 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Rape of a child under 13 Section 5 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Assault of a child under 13 by penetration Section 6 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Sexual assault of a child under 13 Section 7 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing or inciting a child under 13 to engage in sexual activity Section 8 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Sexual Activity with a Child Section 9 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing or inciting a child to engage in sexual activity Section 10 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Engaging in sexual activity in the presence of a child Section 11 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing a child to watch a sexual act Section 12 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Child sex offences committed by a children or young persons Section 13 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Arranging or facilitating commission of a child sex offence Section 14 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Meeting a child following sexual grooming etc. Section 15 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Abuse of position of trust: sexual activity with a child Section 16 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Abuse of position of trust: causing or inciting a child to engage in sexual activity Section 17 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Abuse of position of trust: sexual activity in the presence of a child Section 18 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Abuse of position of trust: causing a child to watch a sexual act Section 19 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Sexual activity with a child family member Section 25 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Inciting a child family member to engage in sexual activity Section 26 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Sexual activity with a person with a mental disorder impeding choice Section 30   Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing or inciting a person, with a mental disorder impeding choice, to engage in sexual activity Section 31    Sexual Offences Act 2003
Engaging in sexual activity in the presence of a person with a mental disorder impeding choice Section 32 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing a person, with a mental disorder impeding choice, to watch a sexual act Section 33 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Inducement, threat or deception to procure sexual activity with a person with a mental disorder Section 34  Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing a person with a mental disorder to engage in or agree to engage in sexual activity by inducement, threat or deception Section 35   Sexual Offences Act 2003
Engaging in sexual activity in the presence, procured by inducement, threat or deception, of a person with a mental disorder Section 36   Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing a person with a mental disorder to watch a sexual act by inducement, threat or deception Section 37   Sexual Offences Act 2003
Care workers: sexual activity with a person with a mental disorder Section 38 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Care workers: causing or inciting sexual activity Section 39 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Care workers: sexual activity in the presence of a person with a mental disorder Section 40 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Care workers: causing a person with a mental disorder to watch a sexual act Section 41 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Paying for the sexual services of a child Section 47 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing or inciting child prostitution or pornography Section 48 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Controlling a child prostitute or a child involved in pornography Section 49 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Arranging or facilitating child prostitution or pornography Section 50 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Causing or inciting prostitution for gain Section 52 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Controlling prostitution for gain Section 53 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Trafficking into the UK for sexual exploitation Section 57 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Trafficking within the UK for sexual exploitation Section 58 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Trafficking out of the UK for sexual exploitation Section 59 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Administering a substance with intent Section 61 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Committing an offence with intent to commit a sexual offence (in a case where the intended offence was an offence against a child) Section 62 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Trespass with intent to commit a sexual offence (in a case where the intended offence was an offence against a child) Section 63 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Exposure Section 66 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Voyeurism Section 67 Sexual Offences Act 2003
Trafficking people for exploitation Section 4 Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004
Causing or allowing the death of a child or vulnerable adult Section 5 Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004

A reference to an offence in this list includes:

  • A reference to an attempt, conspiracy or incitement to commit that offence, and
  • A reference to aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of that offence.

Unless stated otherwise, the victim of the offences listed above will be under 18.

Cautions and discharges for the offences listed above will apply.

End